Bu-Yurgan kitabs (Kazan tarihi)

Bu-Yurgan kitabs. Chapter 8

PSince Ismaildan was in Kazan, the power of seid Yadkar Kul-Ashraf Artan was strong in this il ... The Moscow Ulubiy, having been defeated, returned Seber-Kala and the Naratlyk region near Junne-Kala to the State and resumed the payment of tribute ... By the decision of Yadkar, Safa-Garay became regular pay the "Nogai tribute" to Challam and married Markugash and Astarkhan malik, daughter of the Kara-Nogai bika Zaytun, which again annexed the entire Seber and Astarkhan to the State ... On the advice of Ismaildan, the khan erected a stone turbe on the grave of Kan Sain-Yusuf in Bulyar, which became a place of pilgrimage true believers... Beck also persuaded the seid to allow the construction of new city walls in Kazan. The Kazan Magistrate "Tyumzn", the Ar Ulugbek, the son of Dzhurash-Sadir Arak, the Kazan inals and even the seid himself allocated money and 60 thousand Kara-Chirmysh, convicted for tax evasion, failure to attend fees and other crimes, built a new township in six years wall from the Korymskaya tower to the Upper Isbel. And the width and strength of this wall were such that no cannons could penetrate it. At the same time, the wall of Kuraishev balik was repaired, this time leaving the place of the Tashayak fair outside it ...

This was done on time, as relations between the State and Moscow again deteriorated sharply. At first, after his defeat near Kazan, the Urus Ulubiy promised the seid to return to Bulgar, among other things, a part of Modjar adjoining Sura-Idel from the west. At the same time, he demanded time for himself to calculate the population, withdraw people and his property. But this is the time of the insidious Balynets in *; actually used to strengthen its borders. Alarmed by the delay in dealing with Modjar and suspicious preparations, Yadkar ordered that the exchange of captured Russian guns and myltyks for captured soldiers and Ar chirmyshs driven to Balyn be stopped. The Muscovite Ulubiy responded by sending a daring demand to Kazan to resume the exchange, threatening war otherwise... This war began with the fact that the Bulgarian merchants, who were heading to Modjar for trade, were fired upon from Isrek-Kala. In response, the khan, on the orders of Kul-Ashraf, attacked this fortress and burned it. At the same time, he encountered good Russian cavalry and reported this to the seid. Yadkar realized that the Balynets managed to restore his cavalry - after its defeat in 1524 - for a new attack on the State - and ordered the Ulugbeks of the three western provinces to get ready to repel the attack. Thanks to the efforts of Samed, brother of Atala, 3,000 Kara-Nogais, 7,000 Ases, Kumyks, Astrakhan and Azak Kypchaks arrived in Kazan. The Turks, Burdjans and Saxins were placed under the command of the bek in the Kuraishev bal töne. Khan expected that when the Russian infantry approached, they would easily break it and throw it back behind Kara-Idel, but the Russians outwitted him and for the first time their infantry moved towards the city under the protection of the cavalry ... When the Kara-Nogais, Tatars, Burdzhans and Saksins rushed to the Balyn infantry, then the Moscow cavalry immediately appeared and in a fierce battle threw the yuldashes into the Kuraishev balik. Then, early in the morning, the Russians pushed their cannons up to the wall of the settlement, broke through it and burst inside. The yuldashi on foot were not the same as those on horseback, and every single one of them fell in a horrific massacre. Atalik tried to cross the Bulak on the bridge near the Lower Tyumen Tower, but his horse fell after jumping over the fence, and the bek broke his leg. He tried to get up, but could not, and only his horse managed to gallop over the bridge to the other side. When the Russians approached the bridge, it was immediately raised, and in a rage, in front of our eyes, they killed the helpless Atalyk. In memory of this glorious Bulgar Bek, the Lower Tyumen Tower was called Ataly-kova…


After the death of the yuldash Kuraishev balik, 3,000 Crimean Turks and 9,000 soldiers of the Kazan and Arsk silts remained at the hands of Sardar Ismaildan, whom he, in the hope of the ambulance promised by the seid, brought into the city. And not in vain... After the capture of Kuraishev balik, the Balyns, intoxicated with success, went to the Arsk field.

Impatient Safa, ready to exchange all the blessings of the world for a hot battle and a frisky argamak, without the preparation and permission of Ismaildan, jumped out to meet the enemy with the Crimeans and was also crushed by heavy Russian cavalry ... The quick death of the Crimeans, who needlessly disliked good armor, inspired such horror in the khan that he set fire to the settlement and took refuge behind the walls of Shahri Ghazan. Following this, the Russian infantrymen furiously climbed the Arsk wall, and if there had not been a large number of soldiers at Ismaildan's hand, they would certainly have climbed into the city. However, the sardar had jigits and, put into action, they resolutely threw the infidels away from the walls. At the same time, the residents of the settlement extinguished the fire. They say that more than 15 thousand Russians fell in this attack, of which, judging by the armor, 355 were beks and biys. But the main support of the Russian army - the cavalry - was still strong, and the Balyns again began to prepare for an attack and hit the walls with 80 cannons ... Ismaildan looked with increasing anxiety from the top of the highest Old Chirmysh tower towards the Challs, but help still did not come . Desperate townspeople brought rich gifts to the Kara-Chirmysh and persuaded their wives to ask Tangra for help. They climbed the wall and, stripped to the waist, began to shake their clothes and loudly sing "Tangra jyra":

In a waterless field

An insidious enemy surrounded

Three remote bakhadirs.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!


From the rays of the sun

Burning everything around

Their bows ceased to bend.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

Desert field dust

Lifted by the sultry wind,

She beat their quivers.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

Let the black clouds

Will come here from four directions

And cover the sun, moon and stars.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

Let the black earth

Tremble from heavenly thunder

And blue lightning.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

Let muddy streams

Will flood the dry earth

And damned enemies on it.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

Let in your sea

Find a strong ship

To save three bakhadirs.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

May the waves of your sea

Bring their ship to shore

And only then will the stars shine in the sky.

Oh Tangra, give me rain!

Soon, the shocked citizens of Kazan and the enemies saw how the white light suddenly faded and a terrifying storm broke out over the city. Ismaildan bargained slowly, until, finally, signal smoke was noticed from the Chirmysh tower: then the son of Hamid Gali was hurrying to the city with 4 thousand Kashans, 2 thousand Yarchally and 2 thousand Agidel. The delay in sending them was caused by unrest


Cossacks, who for a long time refused to act because the seid did not produce the salary increase promised to them. The Cossacks, surrounding Yadkar, shouted in his face that he had sent the money promised to them for the construction of the Kazan walls - so now let the Kazan people defend themselves. Fortunately, the seid at that moment returned from the campaign against Dzhuketun, the son of Tuba Aman-Bak, and his booty was enough to pay the Cossacks ...

The recently rebellious Cheremshans now immediately stood up under the banner of the seid and swiftly galloped to the rescue of Kazan. Eight thousand of them, who did not know pity, immediately attacked the enemies shocked by the storm and turned them into a stampede ... The Russian herds were captured immediately, and the infidel cavalry, left without horses, fled with the infantrymen in one discordant crowd. Excited by the sight of the fleeing enemies, Kazanians hit them from all the gates and with a triumphant cry ... In this battle, 45 thousand infidels were killed, of which 20 thousand were the color of the Russian cavalry. Of the 170 thousand Russians who then went to Kazan, only 75 thousand returned home.

Ours got all the cannons, soaps and 25 thousand captive infidels ... In this war, 13 thousand yuldashes, 3500 Cheremshans, 2 thousand Kazan murzas and 4 thousand Kazan militia fell ...

It would seem that the moment of the highest triumph of seid-emir Yadkar had come, and he calmly set off for the hajj, for he gave his word to perform it after the Almighty granted victory over the infidels. Chal-ly Kul-Ashraf entrusted his elder brother Seid Fazyl, and Kazan to Ismaildan ... But, suddenly, a month after the departure of the Seid Emir, Ismaildan felt unwell and left for Shaimardan. And soon the news came that he died on the way. After that, it became known that Kul-Ashraf fell dangerously ill on the way, and some malicious people even began to spread rumors about his death. And then seid Mamet, who had previously quietly sat in Echke-Kazan under the protection of Kazanchis, suddenly crawled out into the light of day, and declared himself the ruler of the State. With his false sermon about the coming seizure of estates by seid Fazyl and a new difficult war with Moscow, he made the hearts of a part of the Kazanchi shrink, and they decided not to allow the consolidation of the power of Kul-Ashraf in Kazan. Some more ulans and even Cossacks were carried away by Mamet with a promise to give them the Subash and Chirmysh lands into hereditary possession. A crowd of three thousand serving Tatars, tired of wars and seeing in the seid a supporter of peace with Balyn, with even greater enthusiasm supported MametalKhobrav in Ar-Kala crowd of his supporters, he moved to Kazan. Thus began the Mamet rebellion, which lasted until 1535.


Fazil, as if to prevent the seizure of power by Mamet, also declared himself a seid-emir and promised to take away all their possessions from the rebels. But this alienated from the Challs even those Kazanchis who hesitated or supported the power of Yadkar, and those involved in the uprising forced them to support Mamet even more actively.


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